The University Library was established in the year 1387 H / 1967 G at the same time as the establishment of the University , and was evidence of the recognition of the importance of libraries as an essential element in the educational process.
The Deanship of Library Affairs at King Abdul-Aziz University was inaugurated in the academic year 1387/1388 H and was represented by the Central Library and branch libraries colleges of the university.
In the year 1391 / 1392 H, the university library was relocated to the building of the Faculty of Medicine, and in 1393/1394 H the collections from the Fouad Shaker Library were added , and then in 1396 H, the library was moved to another building consisting of one room located next to the hall, and a few years later it was moved to its current location.
The new library building (14) was opened officially on 19.2.1408 H on an area of 7200 square meters, and the Deanship of Library Affairs became a centrally organized establishment serving the Central Library, the university colleges as well as the various centers, Faculties and Departments, and Data Sections. It also serves other libraries branches at other colleges, and Administrative and Financial Affairs. Services provided for Library users including, Periodicals, Specialist Collections, Information Services, Internet Services, Electronic Library Services, Technical and mechanization services.